Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic Dermatitis

On the scalp where sebaceous gland activity is high, forehead, above the eyebrow, side of the nose, inside the ear, behind the ear, mustache and beard area, chest V. It appears as patchy redness and dandruff with blurred borders in the shoulder blade areas.

It is chronic but intermittent. Although the cause is not known exactly, it can be caused by stress, androgens, depression, fatigue, atmosphere and pressure. There are many factors such as changes, seasons, clothing, nutrition, food allergies, autoimmunity, Malassezia furfur, medications, biotin deficiency.

It is occasionally seen on the scalp. Excessive dandruff is normal and does not require treatment. >

Depending on the mother's hormones, it may occur in babies during the first 3-4 months. Later, ‘cradle cap’ In fold areas such as neck, armpit and groin  It appears as red, scaly, flushed areas.

The treatment chosen according to the severity of the disease, the location of involvement, and the response to previous treatments is more aimed at preventing exacerbations.  In the treatment, selenium sulfide, sulfur, salicylic acid, tar, çzinc  Shampoos containing pyrithione and ketoconazole are given. It may be necessary to use it 2-3 times a week for up to 6 weeks to get maximum benefit. Then, samples of various shampoos are given as a daily shampoo and the patient tries and chooses the one that suits him/her.

Reasons for failure of shampoos in treatment:

< p>*Infrequent use (recommended 2-3 times a week)

*Insufficient application time (effect may vary between 1 and 6 weeks)

*Hair Insufficient contact with the affected skin (must be left for 3-5 minutes)

*Natural fluctuations in the course of the disease

If shampoos are not successful in the treatment, apply hair after lathering. It can be covered with a shower cap and left with shampoo for 30 minutes. This application removes stubborn dandruff, but may cause irritation.

If dandruff shampoo causes dryness and dullness in the hair, it can then be damaged. can use conditioner.

Cortisone lotions:

It is given to suppress inflammation in times of illness when shampoos are not sufficient.

Lotion form is used for hair. It is preferred in terms of minimizing the remaining residue and ease of application. The hair is separated and a few hairs are removed. Apply a few centimeters apart. A response is obtained within a day.

Anti-dandruff preparations:

Tea tree oil with salicylic acid added, aloe vera extract, baby oil, olive oil and other oils remove dandruff

After applying these products to the scalp, put on a shower cap and apply it for a few minutes. It is applied after waiting for an hour. Then the hair It is washed.